What’s the Secret to a Traditional Italian Focaccia Bread with Rosemary and Sea Salt?

April 4, 2024

If you’ve ever stepped foot into an authentic Italian bakery, you’ve likely been captivated by the aromatic allure of freshly baked focaccia. Its golden crust, permeated by the fragrant infusion of olive oil, rosemary, and sea salt, is a staple of Italian cuisine revered worldwide. But do you ever wonder how you can replicate this bread marvel in the comfort of your own kitchen? Here we unravel the secrets behind crafting the perfect traditional Italian focaccia bread with rosemary and sea salt.

The Art of Making the Dough

Creating the dough is the first and perhaps the most critical step to making an authentic focaccia. The process may seem daunting, but with a little patience and the right ingredients, you can master it.

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The key to a successful focaccia dough is yeast. This essential ingredient helps the dough rise, giving the bread its characteristic light and airy texture. In a large bowl, dissolve a packet of active dry yeast in warm water. The water temperature should be around 110-115°F (43-46°C) to activate the yeast without killing it.

Next, add flour to the yeast mixture gradually, mixing until it forms a soft, sticky dough. Here, it’s important to use high-quality flour for the best results. Italian "00" flour, known for its fine grain and high gluten content, is the preferred choice. However, if this isn’t available, all-purpose flour will also do the trick.

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After the flour, add a generous helping of olive oil to the dough. This doesn’t just contribute to the rich flavor of the finished bread but also makes the dough easier to work with. Knead the dough for about ten minutes until it’s smooth and elastic. Then, cover the bowl with a clean cloth and let the dough rise. This proofing time is vital for the dough to develop the right texture and flavor.

The Importance of Olive Oil in Focaccia Bread

Olive oil is an integral part of focaccia bread, setting it apart from other types of bread. It serves multiple purposes in the recipe, each contributing to the bread’s unique characteristics.

Initially, olive oil is mixed into the dough, giving it a moist and light texture. It also helps to develop a beautiful golden crust during baking. Olive oil is also used to coat the baking pan. This serves to prevent the focaccia from sticking while also contributing to a crisper crust.

Perhaps the most distinctive use of olive oil in focaccia is the creation of the characteristic dimples on the bread’s surface. After the dough has risen, it’s spread out in the oiled pan. Then, using your fingers, make dimples across the dough’s surface. These dimples will hold small pools of olive oil, infusing the bread with a rich flavor as it bakes.

Flavoring Your Focaccia: Rosemary and Sea Salt

Giving your focaccia distinctive flavors is what makes it so irresistible. The traditional toppings of rosemary and sea salt offer a harmonious blend of earthiness, fragrance, and a subtle crunch.

Sprinkle generous pinches of sea salt across the surface of the dough. The salt not only seasons the bread but also draws out moisture during baking, contributing to a crispier crust. Next, add the rosemary. Fresh sprigs of rosemary are preferred over dried ones, as they impart a more intense flavor.

However, remember that focaccia is a versatile bread. While rosemary and sea salt are traditional, you can experiment with other herbs and toppings based on your preference. Just make sure to add them before baking so they can infuse into the dough.

The Baking Process: Time and Technique

Now that the dough is ready and well-flavored, it’s time to bake the focaccia. Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C). Baking at a high temperature is crucial for achieving the perfect crust and texture.

Bake the focaccia for about 20 minutes, or until it’s golden brown on top. During baking, the olive oil in the dough will heat, creating steam that helps the dough rise rapidly. This gives the focaccia its characteristic open, airy crumb.

The baking time may vary depending on your oven, the thickness of your focaccia, and other factors. It’s important to monitor the focaccia closely towards the end of baking to prevent it from over-browning.

How to Serve Your Focaccia Bread

Once your focaccia is baked and cooled slightly, it’s ready to be enjoyed. The beauty of focaccia is its versatility—it can be served in a variety of ways.

Traditionally, focaccia is served warm, either on its own or with a drizzle of olive oil. It makes an excellent accompaniment to pasta dishes and salads or can be sliced into squares or strips and served as an appetizer. Focaccia also makes an excellent sandwich bread. Simply slice it horizontally and fill it with your favorite Italian meats, cheeses, and veggies.

Ultimately, the secret to a traditional Italian focaccia bread with rosemary and sea salt lies in high-quality ingredients, patience, and a little bit of love. Whether you’re a baking novice or a seasoned pro, mastering this classic Italian bread will surely transport you and your loved ones to the sunny, fragrant bakeries of Italy.

Maintaining the Freshness of Your Focaccia Bread

Preserving the freshness of your baked focaccia bread is a crucial aspect of enjoying this delicious treat. The shelf life of your focaccia bread depends on how it’s stored. A fresh, home-baked focaccia will usually stay good for about two to three days at room temperature.

To ensure its freshness, wrap your focaccia bread in plastic wrap or aluminum foil. This method helps in retaining its moisture while preventing it from going stale. Storing it in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight is also advised. If you’re planning to keep your focaccia for longer, consider freezing it. When wrapped well, frozen focaccia can last for up to three months.

When ready to eat, you can thaw your focaccia at room temperature or warm it in the oven to regain its original freshness. If you freeze the bread, remember to let it thaw completely at room temperature before reheating. This way, you can ensure that your bread retains its delicious, freshly baked quality.

Incorporating Focaccia into Various Meals

Focaccia bread, with its rich flavors of olive oil, rosemary, and sea salt, can be incorporated into various meals. Its rich and oily texture makes it a perfect choice for a bread basket during meal times. You could also use it to make flavorful sandwiches. Slice the focaccia through the middle and stuff it with prosciutto, mozzarella, and fresh basil for a traditional Italian sandwich.

Focaccia can also be sliced into small pieces and served as a side dish with soups and pastas. Alternatively, use it as a base for pizza. Top your focaccia bread with marinara sauce, cheese, and your favorite pizza toppings, then bake until the cheese is bubbly and golden.

Furthermore, you can turn your day-old focaccia into tasty croutons. Cut the bread into cubes, toss with olive oil, and toast in the oven until crispy. These croutons can be used to top salads or soups, providing a delightful crunch to your meals.


Baking a traditional Italian focaccia bread with rosemary and sea salt is a delightful experience. The process, filled with the enticing aromas of yeast, olive oil, fresh rosemary, and sea salt, is almost as enjoyable as consuming the final product.

The secret to a successful focaccia bread lies in the quality of the ingredients and the time spent perfecting the dough. This journey, though it may seem long, is worthwhile. The end result is a light, flavorful bread that can be served in various ways, complementing different meals.

Whether you’re an experienced baker or a beginner, this focaccia recipe is a must-try. Enjoy the process, savor the flavors, and share the bread with your loved ones. No doubt, this traditional Italian bread will transport your taste buds straight to Italy, right from the comfort of your kitchen.